Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing

4.1
#5 of 20 in Museums in Nanjing
The Purple Mountain Observatory, also known as Zijinshan Astronomical Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on the Purple Mountain in Nanjing, China. The longtime director of the observatory from 1950 to 1984 was Chinese astronomer Zhang Yuzhe (张钰哲, 1902–1986, also known as Y. C. Chang).By the late 1980s, increasing light pollution in Nanjing meant Purple Mountain was no longer viable as a working observatory. It has since shifted its focus to public education, with much of the actual scientific work being carried out in its five branch observatories located at Qinghai (in Delingha), Ganyu, Xuyi, Honghe (in Jiamusi), and Qingdao.The Minor Planet Center credits the observatory, simply referred to as Nanking, with the discovery of 149 minor planets between 1955 and 1983, while the observatory's PMO NEO Survey Program is credited with a total of 532 discoveries between 2006 and 2013.DiscoveriesThe observatory discovered the periodic comets 60P/Tsuchinshan and 62P/Tsuchinshan, as well as the non-periodic C/1977 V1 (Tsuchinshan), also known as Comet 1977 X. Many asteroids were also discovered, including the Trojan asteroids 2223 Sarpedon, 2260 Neoptolemus, 2363 Cebriones, 2456 Palamedes, and the eponymous 3494 Purple Mountain.
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Purple Mountain Observatory Reviews
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4.3
TripAdvisor
  • My husband and I are living in China temporarily and wanted to do a fun weekend activity so we were wanting to do the Purple Mountain temple for the day, but accidentally ended up here and loved it! T...  more »
  • When I went to visit Nanjing I went to the Observatory here. Is like mountain climbing, so we walked quite steep slope in the good in the workout.
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  • It was really hot(must be around 40C degree in that late Sunday afternoon 24th of July),with high humidity as well, you could imagine the challenge to climb ZiJinshan (mountain) in such a weather. But...  more »
Google
  • An observatory with an amazing view.
  • good view here
  • Great place
  • Look great
  • Very cool approach

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Where to stay in Nanjing

You won't find a shortage of accommodations in Nanjing, a modern metropolis long on the radars of domestic and international tourists. Look south of the main railway station, following Central Road, to find the primary districts where visitors stay, with clusters of high-rise hotels--some luxurious and others standard, but all comfortable. A number of smaller boutiques set in formerly residential buildings provide atmospheric, well-maintained, and budget-friendly options. Take a look at the side streets around Central Road for a wealth of hostels and guesthouses.
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