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Trip Planner Asia  /  China  /  Xinjiang Uygur  /  Korla
Korla, Kurla, or Kuerle is a mid-sized city in central Xinjiang, and is, administratively, a county-level city and the seat of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, which is larger than Great Britain and is the largest Chinese prefecture. Korla is known for its "fragrant" pears.GeographyKorla is approximately southwest from Ürümqi, although, due to the intervening Tian Shan, the road distance is considerably greater.The Iron Gate Pass (Tiemen Pass) leading to Karashahr is about north of the city and, as it was easily defended, playing an important part in protecting the ancient Silk Roads from raiding nomads from the north.The Kaidu River, also known as the Konqi River or Kongque River, flows through the center of Korla, a unique feature amongst cities in Xinjiang. While the literal meaning of the Chinese name "Kongque River" is "Peacock River", the name originates from a semantically distorted transliteration of the Uyghur name "Konqi Darya" which means "Tanner's River".ClimateKorla has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with extreme seasonal variation in temperature. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from -7.0°C in January to 26.4°C, and the annual mean is 11.66°C, which is still warmer than most locales at the same latitude further east in the country. Precipitation totals only annually, and mostly falls in summer, as compared to an annual evaporation rate of about 2800mm; there are about 3,000 hours of bright sunshine annually. The frost-free period averages 210 days. The period between April and October closely resemble subtropical climates, but the continental nature is facilitated by the rapid drop of temperatures going into winter.
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