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Jishou is a county-level city and the seat of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan province, China.HistoryJishou has a history of more than 2,000 years dating back to the Qin dynasty. In those days, it was affiliated with Qianzhong Prefecture. During the Song dynasty, a town government was established in a stockaded village, Zhenxi, which in the Ming dynasty became the Zhenxi soldiers and civilians battalion. Qianzhou Prefecture was created during the Qing dynasty. During the Republic of China era it was known as Qian County In 1953 the area was renamed Jishou county, with two adjacent cities, Jishou and Qianzhou. In 1982 Jishou city became the capital of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. The city of Qianzhou now lies just south of Jishou city.GeographyJishou lies east of the Wuling Mountain range. About 80% of the city's terrain is low hills or low mountains. The highest elevation is 964.5 meters, at Liantaifeng (and the lowest point is 142 meters, near the town of Hexi, a tributary of the Wu (Yuan River)(2).JPG|250px|thumb|left|Dong River in JishouPopulationJishou County had a population of 291,200 in the year 2008, including an agricultural population of 163,100, or 56% of the population. The urban population was 192,500. About 77.3% of the population belonged to the Miao or Tujia minorities, with 121,000 Miao and 101,200 Tujia. Members of China's predominant Han ethnic group comprise the rest of the population.
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