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Yumen Pass, Dunhuang

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#2 of 11 in Historic Sites in Dunhuang
Yumen Pass, or Jade Gate or Pass of the Jade Gate, is the name of a pass of the Great Wall located west of Dunhuang in today's Gansu Province of China. During the Han dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD), this was a pass through which the Silk Road passed, and was the one road connecting Central Asia and China, the former called the Western Regions. Just to the south was the Yangguan pass, which was also an important point on the Silk Road.Although the Chinese guan is usually translated simply as "pass", its more specific meaning is a "frontier pass" to distinguish it from an ordinary pass through the mountains. Yumen guan 玉門關 and Yang guan 陽關 are derived from: yu 玉 = 'jade' + men 門 = 'gate', 'door'; and yang 陽 = 'sunny side', 'south side of a hill', 'north side of a river,' and guan 關 = ‘frontier-passes’. These were the two most famous passes leading to the north and west from Chinese territory. During the Early Han, "... a defensive line was established from Jiuquan ('Wine Springs') in the Gansu Corridor west to the Jade Gate Pass at its end."It is not to be confused with the city Yumen (玉門, literally Jade Gate) in Gansu, China. Although both are within the same Jiuquan "prefecture-level city" (a multi-county administrative unit) of Gansu province, Yumen Pass is located some 400 km to the west of its namesake city.
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  • From Ah Li to Xinjiang to Dunhuang a man drove around to see the Han Great Wall yadan landform ... See Jade Gate A few words on a kind of vicissitudes of the Han and Tang ancient rhyme, the vernal equinox Jade Gate ... West out of the sun for no reason people, haha have I brought crooked
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  • Into ruins weathering is undeniable, but its still feels the weight of history. And seen from a distance looks small, but actually quite large.
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  • The 75-minute trip from Dunhuang is worth it, even if there is not much there artifacts-wise other than the square ruins building. There is a visitors center with a fairly well-documented exhibit deta...  more »
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