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Jingshan Park (Jingshan Gongyuan), Beijing

Categories: Landmarks, Nature & Parks, Tourist Spots
Inspirock Rating:
4.4/5 based on 1,900+ reviews on the web
Constructed on an artificial hill during the Ming Dynasty's Yongle era, stands Jingshan Park (Jingshan Gongyuan) as a remarkable royal landscaped garden which covers an area of 23 hectares (57 acres). The park contains five peaks with an ornate pavilion on the top. As you explore the lush ambience, notice how the surrounding traditional tombs and residences were constructed by implementing the feng shui principles. Take a walk through the park and view its large peony rose garden. The area features a calm, mystical atmosphere where you can commonly find locals socializing and doing cultural activities. Make Jingshan Park (Jingshan Gongyuan) part of your personalized Beijing itinerary using our Beijing trip itinerary planner.
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  • A really beautiful park. It feels almost like you aren't in the city. Appears well used by locals. Went at night too and was safe and very atmospheric. People dancing doing tai chi etc. The view from ...  read more »
  • Directly behind the exit from the Forbidden City. A short climb leads to a pavilion with great views of the City. Worth a look. Take time to explore the park at the rear which is very quiet and peacef...  read more »
  • A bit of a climb to the top , but well worth it just to see the Forbidden City in all it's magnificence. 
  • If you are at Beihai park, you can exit the East gate and go directly into the park. 2 RMB gate fee. I visited in the winter, the park maintains a green look. Trees are lush and grass covers the grounds. This so different from the Old Summer Palace (Yuanmingyuan) which is barren of any green and the grounds are just dust. Climb the hill to the top and enjoy spectacular views of the Forbidden City. There's a temple at the top as well. There are several souvenir stands throughout the park. Their prices are good: 5 RMB for a magnet, 10 RMB for a red star hat, etc. Locate a tree that designates the spot that an emperor hung himself. It's an interesting read.
  • A nice park with a pavillion on top of the coal hill, from where you can overlook the whole vorbidden city. I recommend visiting after the forbidden city. And then take the exit to the west to go to Beihai Park.
  • Jingshan, also named Coal Hill or Prospect Hill, is a small hill immediately behind the north gate of the Forbidden City. It also borders Beihai Park to the west. Construction of Jingshan dates back 1,000 years ago during the Liao and Jin Dynasties, but the present 43 meters hill was constructed by Emperor Yongle (1360-1424) in the Ming Dyansty. It is also called Coal Hill because large amount of coal used to be put here when the Forbidden City was being built. Built of the soil from the moat of the Forbidden City, the Jingshan Hill used to serve as a private imperial garden and for protecting the Imperial Palace from the evil wind from the north according to Fengshui. It is one of the most important also the highest buildings along the 8 km south-to-north central axis of Beijing. Jingshan was opened to the public in 1928 and a subsequent public park was also established in 1949 which covers 23 hectares. There are five individual peaks in Jingshan and each of them is topped by a beautiful pavilion, which were used by the emperor and officials for gathering and leisure purposes. The biggest pavilion is located on the very top of Jingshan Hill, which is the best location to have a panoramic view of the Forbidden City and downtown Beijing. There were also five copper Buddha statues in each of the pavilion but looted by the Eight Power Allied Forces in 1900. The present five pavilions are actually replicas with a giant Buddha statue in the highest and biggest pavilion. For Chinese people, Jingshan Park is more famous as the place where the last Ming Emperor Chongzhen hung himself in 1644, by the time the peasant revolt army entered Beijing. Right now, it is a popular place with the senior locals for doing morning excise, liking practicing Taichi, singing and dancing. It is also a popular place with the photographers in Beijing to gather in the dust of a clear day, waiting to take a panoramic picture of the Forbidden City with the lights on. There are four entrances to get inside the Jingshan Park; the most convenient one is the south gate which is 100 meters across from the north gate of the Forbidden City. The west entrance is normally used as an exit which is close to the east gate of Beihai, another imperial park nearby.
  • Stunning views of the city here. Trivial entry fee of 2 RMB.
  • Needed to pay extra to go into this garden behind the Forbidden Palace and it was worth every cent! Once you take a short easy hike, you'll get a bird's view of the Palace from across the road. I was blown away by the magnificence of the area!
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