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Guo Zi Jian (The Imperial College), Beijing

Categories: Tourist Spots, Educational Sites
Inspirock Rating:
4.3/5 based on 65+ reviews on the web
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  • Middle Andingmen station of subway Yonghegong Palace Station exists, either within walking distance. Facing the College Superintendent Street Green road, is quiet. Not really crowded too. Admission is 30 because it can be seen that performance included original is adjacent to Confucius Temple, made in there once every hour (5 times a day), very reasonable I think. It is recommended you see both from the historical background and over without looking at the Confucius Temple here just so unlikely, I thought, was established.
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  • Imperial Academy in Beijing was founded in the early 14 century. trained here before Chinese officials. Now here is the Museum. The Confucius statue stands out, in front of which there are many on the fence red plates that hang "on good luck" before exams.
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  • This was worth the time along with the Confucian temple. This was the Imperial College. The grounds are beautiful and the displays are in english and well detailed. We enjoyed the time so much more ha...  read more »
  • The Imperial Academy, also named Guozijian, was the imperial college during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties (although most of its buildings were built during the Ming Dynasty). And it is the last Guozijian of China and an important national cultural heritage. In 1898, the Guozijian was disbanded during the Hundred Day Reform of the Qing Dynasty, and it was replaced by the Imperial Capital University, later known as the Beijing University. The "Guozijian", often translated into English as the Imperial Academy or Imperial College was the national central institute of learning in ancient Chinese dynasties. It was the highest institute of learning in China's traditional educational system. Emperors in imperial China would also frequently visit the Guozijian to read Confucian classics to thousands of students. The Guozijian was first built in 1306 and was reconstructed and renovated on a large scale during Emperor Yongle (1402-1424) and Zhengtong (1436-1449) reigns of the Ming Dynasty. The administrative officials of Guozijian were called Jijiu (the chief), Siye (Dean of Studies) and Jiancheng etc. The students who studied at the Guozijian were called Jiansheng, and they mainly studied Confucian classics. The Guozijian is situated at the central area of the Guozijian Street and adjoining several other well known imperial structures of Beijing, and the complex of Guozijian accords with the Chinese tradition which dictate that the temple should be on the "left" and the school or college on the "right". To the east of the Guozijian, lies the Confucius Temple, the second largest Confucius temple in China and the Yonghegong Temple, the largest Lama Temple in Beijing.
  • 国子监,是元,明和清代,国家设立的最高学府和主管教育的行政机构,也称太学,始建于元代,清代曾大修。 国子监为三进院落,占地27000平方米,中轴设计,以集贤门-太学门-琉璃牌坊-辟雍-彝伦堂-敬一亭为中线,两侧为两厅六堂,碑亭等。东侧的“持敬门”与孔庙联通。 国子监给人印象最深的是“辟雍”,皇帝讲学之处,。正方形的亭阁,双重檐,四角攒尖,黄色琉璃瓦,带有汉白玉回廊,四面开门。关键是这个亭阁建在圆形池水上,所谓辟雍环水。内部置放皇帝讲学时的陈设,周边还有昔时皇帝讲学复原图。据说,辟雍是刘墉主办建造的。 还有一座美轮美奂的琉璃牌坊,给人以视觉冲击力。它是三门四柱七座牌坊,色彩艳丽,两边有乾隆亲笔的题字:学海节观,圜桥教泽。不同于寺庙的牌坊,这是唯一一座专为教育设立的琉璃牌坊。 还有一处应该去参观的-十三经石刻,处于孔庙与国子监的夹道内,这里专设了展厅,将189块刻石立于室内。这是雍正年间江苏金坛贡生蒋衡历经12年,手写63万字的经文手书。最显著的石刻为乾隆御书-大学篇。而这个展室的牌匾“乾隆石经”为我国首位诺贝尔奖获得者-莫言手书。 除此,前院还有198座进士题名碑,记载着元明清三朝共51624位进士名字。两侧厅堂还有原状陈列展和古代科举制度展。 园内设有成贤国学馆,举办讲座和国学培训。
  • 开始以为那边只是国子监的,后来张牙提醒才知道国子监在孔庙的旁边.
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