Miguasha National Park, Nouvelle

#58 of 124 in Historic Sites in Quebec
Miguasha National Park is a protected area near Carleton-sur-Mer on the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec in Canada. Created in 1985 by the Government of Quebec, Miguasha was designated a World Heritage Site in 1999 in recognition of its wealth of fossils, which display a crucial time during the evolution of life on Earth. Other names for this site are the Miguasha Fossil Site, the Bay of Escuminac Fossil Site, the Upper Devonian Escuminac Formation, and the Hugh-Miller Cliffs. It is also sometimes referred to on fossil specimens as 'Scaumenac Bay' or 'Scaumenac Bay P.Q.'Miguasha Natural History MuseumThe park's museum features exhibits about the fossils and paleontology of the park. The museum's collection includes over 9000 specimens of fossil fish and plants.GeologyThe coastal cliffs are Upper Devonian strata of grey sedimentary rock. They are composed of alternating layers of sandstone and shale, which are 350–375 million years old. The area today supports mainly birch, aspen, and fir forests.Palaeontological significanceSome of the fish, fauna, and spore fossils found at Miguasha are rare and ancient species. For example, Spermasposita is thought to be one of the oldest flowering plant genera on Earth.
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62 reviews
  • August 13, 2017
    This was really cool and quite unexpected. The museum is very well done. We caught a presentation outside on the beach that talked about the geology of the area and how they find and chart fossils, an...  more »
  • August 7, 2017
    This site and its exposure are very interesting. We learn a lot about our history, and fossilization. The exposed specimens, including Elpi, are very beautiful. Feel free to make a detour.
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  • August 5, 2017
    My wife and I were staying in Maria Quebec on vacation and stumbled into this while driving looking for things to see. The provincial park holds one of the two largest finds of life from the Devonian ...  more »

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