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Prince of Wales Fort, Churchill

Categories: Historic Sites, Tourist Spots
Inspirock Rating:
4.6/5 based on 75 reviews on the web
The Prince of Wales Fort is a historic fort on Hudson Bay across the Churchill River from Churchill, Manitoba, Canada.HistoryThe European history of this area starts with the discovery of Hudson Bay in 1610. The area was recognized as important in the fur trade and of potential importance for other discoveries. The fort is built in a European "star" shape.Original fortThis fort began as a log fort built in 1717 by James Knight of the Hudson's Bay Company and was originally called the "Churchill River Post". In 1719, the post was renamed Prince of Wales Fort, but is more commonly known today as Fort Prince of Wales. It was located on the west bank of the Churchill river to protect and control the Hudson's Bay Company's interests in the fur trade.ConstructionConstruction on the fort, a structure still standing today, was started in 1731 near what was then called Eskimo Point, but work was never truly completed. It had forty-two cannons mounted on the walls with a battery across the river on Cape Merry meant to hold six more cannons.In battleIn 1782, with only 39 men manning the fort, three French warships, led by Jean-François de La Pérouse, took it over without a single shot being fired. The fort's Governor at the time, Samuel Hearne, having quickly recognised the numerical and military imbalance, surrendered immediately. The fort returned to the HBC in 1783 after the French had partially destroyed it. Thereafter, its importance began to wane with the decline in the fur trade although the post was refounded a little way up the river.
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  • Touring through the early history of European outposts in the North American continent shows an environment the adventurers adapted to while original inhabitants adapted to their presence. Learning to...  read more »
  • Very interesting information and scenery while walking along the coast to the Fort- including having to divert the hike- awat from a mother and two yound polar bears! 
  • Usually not big on things like this,but the Parks woman giving the tour was really into history & made it interesting. Additional staff rode around on ATVs watching for bears,which from my boat tours ...  read more »
  • Amazing fort with an amazing view. Our group also had the immense of staying in the Fort overnight. Sunset, polar bears, and Northern Lights stretching across the sky. Would come back in a heartbeat!
  • Awesome place...
  • lovly
  • Born and raised in the Churchill, Fort Churchill area from 1965 and made a few trips to the fort usually with school groups. It was pretty cool for a little kid back in the 70's, so as long as Hortons hasn't moved in, anybody who appreciates history will like a visit to Fort Prince of Wales (as we knew it was called for ever)
  • Pass through hitchhiking...
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