Nicopolis ad Istrum, Veliko Tarnovo

4.3
#4 of 9 in Historic Sites in Veliko Tarnovo
Nicopolis ad Istrum or Nicopolis ad Iatrum was a Roman and Early Byzantine town founded by Emperor Trajan around 101–106, at the junction of the Iatrus and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its floruit during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.The classical town was planned according to the orthogonal system. The network of streets, the forum surrounded by an Ionic colonnade and many buildings, a two-nave room later turned into a basilica and other public buildings have been uncovered. The rich architectures and sculptures show a similarity with those of the ancient towns in Asia Minor. Nicopolis ad Istrum had issued coins, bearing images of its own public buildings.In 447, the town was destroyed by Attila's Huns. Perhaps it was already abandoned before the early 5th century. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. The largest area of the extensive ruins of the classical Nicopolis was not reoccupied since the fort covered only one fourth of it, in the southeastern corner. The town became an episcopal centre during the early Byzantine period. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century. A Bulgarian medieval settlement arose upon its ruins later .
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Nicopolis ad Istrum Reviews
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Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • The entrance is at the end of pretty bad 3 km country road. In winter season it is close ,open only for groups . I call to ask if it is ok to open the site for only 2 people , recomand us " to jump " ...  more »
  • Wonderfully organized and very informative panels, a great look to the times of the Roman Empire. One of the best organized similar places in the whole South East Europe.  more »
  • For people interested in history a very worthwhile trip out of Veliko Tarnovo goes to the remains of the Roman town of Nicopolis ad Istrum, by road about 25km further north. It is part of the 'Two-day...  more »
Google
  • Amazing. We found It be chance and it's one of the most interesting place i've seen in Bulgaria. Very inpressive.
  • Amazing Roman ruins, worth a detour to visit.
  • There is a place to stop, the roads were pretty bad.
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  • I recommend a visit.
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