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Nicopolis ad Istrum, Veliko Tarnovo

(3.8/5 based on 40 reviews on the web)
Nicopolis ad Istrum or Nicopolis ad Iatrum was a Roman and Early Byzantine town founded by Emperor Trajan around 101–106, at the junction of the Iatrus and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its floruit during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.The classical town was planned according to the orthogonal system. The network of streets, the forum surrounded by an Ionic colonnade and many buildings, a two-nave room later turned into a basilica and other public buildings have been uncovered. The rich architectures and sculptures show a similarity with those of the ancient towns in Asia Minor. Nicopolis ad Istrum had issued coins, bearing images of its own public buildings.In 447, the town was destroyed by Attila's Huns. Perhaps it was already abandoned before the early 5th century. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. The largest area of the extensive ruins of the classical Nicopolis was not reoccupied since the fort covered only one fourth of it, in the southeastern corner. The town became an episcopal centre during the early Byzantine period. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century. A Bulgarian medieval settlement arose upon its ruins later .
To visit Nicopolis ad Istrum on your holiday in Veliko Tarnovo, and find out what else Veliko Tarnovo has to offer, use our Veliko Tarnovo vacation route planner.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Greatly preserved history in a place where you don't expect to find anything. Your street car may dislike the road... take it easy, it deserves!  more »
  • I try to visit in december and unfortunately was closed. Their message: we open only with prior reservation. Sad, from the distance looks nice to visit.  more »
  • The trip to the ruins of a large Roman town of Nicopolis ad istrum were disappointed. Firstly, from the road goes rather short (only 2 km) but terrible broken road. With your own car, hardly would go, but insured rented wasn't so pathetic. Secondly, from the town of little that remains, and the ruins themselves have great impressions. Well, and thirdly, we were here on a hot day and obviously something is wrong with the sewers, because from the toilet odour spread over the entire plot. Most offensive that this place has a huge potential, but it seems quite not allocated funding. Excavated only a small part of the city. Maybe one day in the future it will be one of the most popular attractions in Bulgaria.
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