Nicopolis ad Istrum, Veliko Tarnovo

3.7
#6 of 6 in Historic Sites in Veliko Tarnovo Province
Nicopolis ad Istrum or Nicopolis ad Iatrum was a Roman and Early Byzantine town founded by Emperor Trajan around 101–106, at the junction of the Iatrus and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its floruit during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty.The classical town was planned according to the orthogonal system. The network of streets, the forum surrounded by an Ionic colonnade and many buildings, a two-nave room later turned into a basilica and other public buildings have been uncovered. The rich architectures and sculptures show a similarity with those of the ancient towns in Asia Minor. Nicopolis ad Istrum had issued coins, bearing images of its own public buildings.In 447, the town was destroyed by Attila's Huns. Perhaps it was already abandoned before the early 5th century. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. The largest area of the extensive ruins of the classical Nicopolis was not reoccupied since the fort covered only one fourth of it, in the southeastern corner. The town became an episcopal centre during the early Byzantine period. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century. A Bulgarian medieval settlement arose upon its ruins later .
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Nicopolis ad Istrum Reviews
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43 reviews
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  • July 11, 2017
    Amazing site normaly only a few people around, it is huge with lots still to be dug out it feels as if you have just stumbled upon it lots of intresting carvings. Bring plenty to drink and some food a...  more »
  • June 7, 2017
    This place is amazing, a complete Roman Town, only about a Fifth has been uncovered so far, you actually, get to walk on Roman Roads, investigate the way Romans lived in the Area, a Visit in August is...  more »
  • May 2, 2017
    Not too much to see, few explanation (and hardly legible, I assume EU` funds came to the site a loong time ago and then just stopped). At least it`s easy to be reached- some 3km from the main road...  more »

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