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Madara Rider, Shumen
(4.6/5 based on 85 reviews on the web)
The Madara Rider or Madara Horseman is an early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau east of Shumen in northeastern Bulgaria, near the village of Madara. The monument is dated in the very late 7th, or more often very early 8th century, during the reign of Bulgar Khan Tervel. In 1979 became enlisted on the UNESCO World Heritage List.DescriptionThe relief depicts a majestic horseman 23m above ground level in an almost vertical 100m-high cliff. It's of almost natural size. The horseman, facing right, is thrusting a spear into a lion lying at his horse's feet, and on the left a dog is running after the horseman. The carving of the horseman halo, garments, as well the bird in front of the horseman face, are barely recognizable due to the erosion and bad condition of the monument. The relief is similar to the carbon images found in Saltovo, Soulek, Pliska and Veliki Preslav.Origin traditionThe meaning and sybolism of the depiction is uncertain, as well its actual masonry tradition and cultural source is unknown.In the scholarship the origin of the relief is connected with the Bulgars ethnogenesis - the semi-nomadic equestrian warrior culture from the Eurasian Steppe. Others saw in the relief resemblance to the Sasanian rock relief tradition. The hero-horseman is a common character of Turko-Altaic and Alanic mythology. It is sometime considered that the horseman represents or is related to the Bulgar deity Tangra, while Vladimir Toporov related it to the Iranian deity Mithra.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • If you have climbed all steps, about 200, you should search for the relief of the Knight of Madara in the rocks to be aware. It's smaller than you thought, but it is a mystery how one on such a large high relief. Then you're not ready. Hundreds of steps up to get to a fort. We are not come to the top because it already was too late. Further, there are also beautiful caves. If you want to view and everything between the climb through what would rest you have Lakshmi hours. You need to en. also down again. Climbing the stairs is the best arm in arm with someone else and in a good joint rhythm. Outside the site are good places to have a drink and eat in the immediate vicinity.
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  • Admiration. For better sights in Bulgaria a lovely historic part that anyone should visit to understand admiration to the great creation of art.
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  • If you but a little in the neighborhood are going to look at you. It is a very important piece in the history for the Bulgarians. It's quite a climb with stairs upwards and you really have to look carefully to see what is actually shown. Further as everywhere is a coffee and something to eat. You have to pay an entrance fee. Separate toilet that was there and was filthy. .
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Google
  • Horseman looks surprisingly small. I'd wanted him to be 10 times larger.
  • Amezing art carved in the cliffs
  • This is one of the Bulgarians' first king. He is carved into the rock more then 1000 years ago!
  • Great monument!
  • It's nice to visit, there are a lot of positive energy in this place as a stand under the rock caves, as there are many places for walking and recreation. If you come here, don't forget to fill up from the rock on the large water cave to paraklisčeto, drops fall from the cliff slowly filled a bottle, but this water is useful for washing eyes. If you work in front of the computer or in the Office, it is better to wash the eyes from time to time with this water has a beneficial effect. There are some steps of climbing up past the cliffs that lead all the way up on the rocks, it's nice to see all the destinations, but there you can ask a local to guide you
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