Madara Rider, Shumen

4.6
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The Madara Raider or Madara Horseman is an early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau east of Shumen in northeastern Bulgaria, near the village of Madara. The monument is dated in the very late 7th, or more often very early 8th century, during the reign of Bulgar Khan Tervel. In 1979 became enlisted on the UNESCO World Heritage List.DescriptionThe relief depicts a majestic horseman 23m above ground level in an almost vertical 100m-high cliff. It is of almost natural size. The horseman, facing right, is thrusting a spear into a lion lying at his horse's feet, and on the left a dog is running after the horseman. The carving of the horseman halo, garments, as well the bird in front of the horseman face, are barely recognizable due to the erosion and bad condition of the monument. The relief is similar to the carbon images found in Saltovo, Soulek, Pliska and Veliki Preslav.Origin traditionThe meaning and symbolism of the depiction is uncertain, as well its actual masonry tradition and cultural source.In the scholarship the origin of the relief is connected with the Bulgars ethnogenesis – the semi-nomadic equestrian warrior culture from the Eurasian Steppe. Others saw in the relief resemblance to the Sasanian rock relief tradition. The hero-horseman is a common character of Turko-Altaic and Alanic mythology. It is sometime considered that the horseman represents or is related to the Bulgar deity Tangra, while Vladimir Toporov related it to the Iranian deity Mithra.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
105 reviews
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4.8
TripAdvisor
  • August 16, 2017
    The unesco Emboss is undoubtedly unique, but honestly made me more was captivated by what surrounded this sculpture especially climbing to the top of the rock fortress ruins and views, I recommend
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  • August 14, 2017
    This monument carved out of stone is a must see, this alone would merit a trip to Bulgaria. It's something fascinating about this man on horse with ditro his faithful dog and eight a lion. His to this you can visit the sanctuary of the rock came from Thrace. Finding interesting also because here there is a magnetic force, recognized, not indifferent.
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  • July 28, 2017
    A search the google aboout "what to see in central-east Bulgaria"...and I found this location. I pass with the family near it and I propose "let's see it". And was a very good idea. The nature, the en...  more »
Google
  • March 7, 2017
    You should climb all the way to the top. Great views on a sunny clear day!
  • August 12, 2016
    Horseman looks surprisingly small. I'd wanted him to be 10 times larger.
  • August 20, 2016
    Amezing art carved in the cliffs
  • November 27, 2015
    This is one of the Bulgarians' first king. He is carved into the rock more then 1000 years ago!
  • July 20, 2016
    Nice place to visit.

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