Buzludzha, Kazanluk

Buzludzha is a historical peak in the Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria and is 1432m high. In 1868 it was the place of the final battle between Bulgarian rebels led by Hadji Dimitar and Stefan Karadzha and the Ottoman Empire.The House-Monument of the Bulgarian Communist Party was built on the peak by the Bulgarian communist regime. It commemorated the events of 1891, when a group of socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement that led to the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a forerunner of the Bulgarian Communist Party.ConstructionConstruction of the monument began on 23 January 1974 under architect Georgi Stoilov, a former mayor of Sofia and co-founder of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria. TNT was used to level the mountain peak into a stable foundation, reducing the mountain's height from 1441m to 1432m.More than 15,000 cubic metres of rock were destroyed in the process. The monument was built at a cost of 14,186,000 leva, which by today's rates is roughly equivalent to $35 million.MosaicsInside the building, mosaics that cover approximately 510 square meters of space, are decorated in commemoration of the history of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The mosaics inside were built with 35 tons of cobalt glass, however today 20% of them have been destroyed due to age and vandals. As for the outer ring of the monument, the mosaics were built with natural stones gathered from various rivers across Bulgaria. These mosaics have also mostly vanished, and at a greater 50% due to natural causes. The final mosaic within the building was the communist hammer and sickle encircled by a quote from The Communist Manifesto stating, "Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
Use our Kazanluk journey planner to arrange your visit to Buzludzha and other attractions in Kazanluk.
Create an itinerary including Buzludzha
Buzludzha Reviews
Rate this attraction
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
157 reviews
  • Where do I even begin with this review. It all started about a year and a half ago as I sat around a campfire in Rwanda camping. A bunch of traveling overland campers sat around the fire discussing ou...  more »
  • We drove from Drashan and the 3 hour drive was beautiful. We got to the path before the monument and walked about 10 minutes then out of nowhere the fog disappeared and this huge monument stood before...  more »
  • The second time I visited and deserves to go, again imposing beautiful strange like shape but for a weekend in time and in difficult height time. Any time and go get jacket because it was always cold and much air.
    View original
  • Breath taking and mind blowing piece of Bulgaria's history. The building is completely abandoned and in very bad shape. Make sure to Google around and find some blog posts about it to learn some interesting facts.
  • It's a huge building with an interesting architecture. It looks that once it was a beautiful place but now it in a bad condition. The hill and the view are wonderfull though. It's very windy up there and you should bring warm clothes with you even in a hot summer day :)
  • A site interesting historically, but nothing fancy. As it's closed you can walk around and enjoy beautiful, panoramic views but not much more. If you want to take a picture of the building is better to do from the bottom of the hill...
  • I loved that place. I did not plan on coming at first and just followed a friend. I found the place interesting as i ve never seen anything like this before and i realised i actually enjoy abandoned places.
  • Crazy communist structure. You really have to see it to believe it. It probably won't be there for much longer as the concrete is falling off of it (beware of you go close). There are also great views of both sides of the mountain range. There is a driving path but it's hard to find. The walk up from the parking lot is steep and dangerous if wet, but rewarding.
Places to stay near Buzludzha

Plan your trip to Kazanluk

  • Get a personalized plan

    A complete day-by-day itinerary
    based on your preferences
  • Customize it

    Refine your plan. We'll find the
    best routes and schedules
  • Book it

    Choose from the best hotels
    and activities. Up to 50% off
  • Manage it

    Everything in one place.
    Everyone on the same page.