Buzludzha, Kazanluk

Buzludzha is a historical peak in the Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria and is 1432m high. In 1868 it was the place of the final battle between Bulgarian rebels led by Hadji Dimitar and Stefan Karadzha and the Ottoman Empire.The House-Monument of the Bulgarian Communist Party was built on the peak by the Bulgarian communist regime. It commemorated the events of 1891, when a group of socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement that led to the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a forerunner of the Bulgarian Communist Party.ConstructionConstruction of the monument began on 23 January 1974 under architect Georgi Stoilov, a former mayor of Sofia and co-founder of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria. TNT was used to level the mountain peak into a stable foundation, reducing the mountain's height from 1441m to 1432m.More than 15,000 cubic metres of rock were destroyed in the process. The monument was built at a cost of 14,186,000 leva, which by today's rates is roughly equivalent to $35 million.MosaicsInside the building, mosaics that cover approximately 510 square meters of space, are decorated in commemoration of the history of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The mosaics inside were built with 35 tons of cobalt glass, however today 20% of them have been destroyed due to age and vandals. As for the outer ring of the monument, the mosaics were built with natural stones gathered from various rivers across Bulgaria. These mosaics have also mostly vanished, and at a greater 50% due to natural causes. The final mosaic within the building was the communist hammer and sickle encircled by a quote from The Communist Manifesto stating, "Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
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Buzludzha Reviews
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  • I went at the start of March and there's a hole in the concrete floor on the left side. It was an icy slope and a drop to get in, which would be fairly straightforward in better conditions, but at the...  more »
  • Well worth the 3 hour drive from Sofia. The tower is completely closed off now and there are rumours that the rest of the building will be closed off soon so get there soon! It’s a fascinating part of...  more »
  • Where do I even begin with this review. It all started about a year and a half ago as I sat around a campfire in Rwanda camping. A bunch of traveling overland campers sat around the fire discussing ou...  more »
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  • I went at the start of March and there's a hole in the concrete floor on the left side. It was an icy slope and a drop to get in, which would be fairly straightforward in better conditions, but at the moment it helps to be familiar with climbing. I looked thoroughly for access to the tower, and believe it to be behind a wooden barricade, which could be broken with the right tools. If I lived in the area, I'd go for it. It's very cheap to rent a car in Sofia and do the 3 hour drive.
  • Visited in 2015 and was able to easily view inside and out. Realised later that we weren't actually allowed to enter the building, however plenty of people were. Very dilapidated and crumbling interior but with enough remaining to convince you of the building's past, as well as amazing views out over the valleys from the huge windows. A once in a lifetime visit which I will always remember.
  • The crazy soviet abandoned spaceship shaped building on a mountain. Great to visit, even though it's a bit run down. Worth it for the adventurer
  • In 1868, Buzludzha was the final battle place between a band of Bulgarian rebels and forces from the Ottoman Empire. Fast forward twenty three years to 1891 and a group of socialists assembled here secretly to form an organised socialist movement that led to the formation of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party. Perhaps unsurprisingly then, when hardline Marxist-Leninist members split from the BSDWP and formed the soon-to-be ruling Bulgarian Communist Party it would eventually become an obvious place to build the headquarters for the regime. A symbol of strength, power and of historical significance, the construction of the House-Monument of the Bulgarian Communist Party or Buzludzha monument as it is commonly now known began in 1974. The Brutalist building was eventually finished in 1981 and by 1989 the fall of communism in Bulgaria saw it close its doors to government officials for ever more. ​To this day, people routinely break in to explore the dilapidated interior. Over recent years, the building has become extremely dangerous and security measures have supposedly been put in place to prevent entry. When we visited, evidence of people sledgehammering concrete walls and basements to enter was clear. We decided not to try our luck - it looked pretty dangerous and we’re usually totally up for this kind of thing. ​If you are interested in going in, many hostels in the area are rumoured to give guided tours of the building inside and out. ​Whatever you think of the building, it’s an extremely impressive piece of architecture when you’re stood beneath it. I hope that the government will one day wish to preserve the building for future generations to visit and to serve as a reminder not to return to the darker places in history’s books.
  • Weird communist conference building, once very nice inside, but now falling apart and dangerous to enter.
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