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Sao Mateus do Sul

São Mateus do Sul is a municipality of the Brazilian state of Paraná, located in the southern region of the country.HistoryThe village of São Mateus do Sul has emerged as landing and support sector the flags military launched by the governor of the capitania of São Paulo, Mr. Luiz de Souza Botelho e Mourao, with the goal of conquest of Guarapuava. It was the Lieutenant Bruno Costa Filgueiras, head of the Fourth Expedition, with 25 men, which was intended to Tibagi, who first popped in the lands of Sao Mateus do Sul in 1769. The first human ballast that was established here was composed of nationals, in the year of 1877. Subsequently tried to form a colony of Spaniards who did not adapt to the region, if scattered, leaving some few remnants. In 1855 the Germans arrived, attracted by the news of the existence of oil in the region, among them Rudolph Wolff and Gustavo Frederico Thenius. Initially the colony received the name of Porto Santa Maria, as a tribute to protective of wives and children of the founders. Later it was called Maria Augusta, in honor of the wife of the chief Engineer Joseph Carvalho Sobrinho, one of the administrators of the new colony. Finally received the name of São Mateus. In the year of 1890 headed by Sebastian Edmundo forerunner Celeste Woss Saporski, arrived at the 2.060 in number of 2000 families, establishing itself in colonies do Iguaçu, Canoes, Waterfall, Taquaral, White Water and Rio Claro (today municipality of Mallet). At the start the economy of the colony was based on agriculture and the extractivism, mainly of wood and grass-mate, principal riches of the region. With the advent of the steamship navigation in Iguaçu River, are São Mateus became the most important port and commercial center of the region. It was transformed into a municipality in 1908, by law 763 of day two April, having your installation journal if performed on day 21 of September of the same year. In 1909 it was constituted in Term Judiciary and in 1912 in the Head of the District, being its headquarters raised to the category of city. From 1943, by State Decree, the municipality has been renamed to São Mateus do Sul. With the end of the cycle of navigation of the Iguaçu River, in 1950, began a period of economic stagnation that struck the entire southern region. The resumption of growth occurred in the late 1960s, when Petrobras decided to deploy an experimental plant for the exploitation of existing shale in the municipality. With the industrial exploitation of this ore, São Mateus do Sul received a big boost in its industrial development. São Mateus do Sul account today with more than 40.000 inhabitants, the majority descendant of Polish immigrants of the 19th century, being one of the 40 most populous cities in the state.
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