The Ingá Stone is located in the middle of the Ingá River near the small city of Ingá, 96 km from João Pessoa, in Paraíba State in the northeast of Brazil. The Ingá Stone is also called Itacoatiara do Ingá. The word Ita means "stone" in the Tupi language of the natives that lived in that area. It is a rock formation in gneiss which covers an area of approximately 250 m². Altogether primary, a vertical wall 46 meters long by 3.8 meters high, and adjacent areas, there are entries whose meanings are unknown. Several figures are carved in low relief in this set, suggesting the representation of animals, fruits, and human constellations like Orion and Milky Way.It is composed of some basalt stones covered with symbols and glyphs which are undeciphered until now. Scholars think it was created by natives that lived in the area until the 18th century. Unfortunately, the site is under constant danger of being damaged beyond repair by scavengers and vandals.Most glyphs represent animals, fruits, humans, constellations, and other unrecognizable images.Archeoastronomical hypothesisThere is a hypothesis that provides petroglyphs of Ingá an exceptional importance from the archeoastronomical point of view. In 1976, the Spanish engineer Francisco Pavía Alemany started a mathematical study of this archaeological monument. The first results were published in 1986 by the Instituto of Arqueologia Brasileira (Pavía Alemany F. 1986). He identified in Inga a series of "bowls" and another petroglyph etched into the vertical surface of the wall of Inga that formed a "solar calendar", over which a gnomon projected the shadow of the first solar rays of every day. The Agrupación Astronómica de la Safor published in 2005 a summary of this work in its official bulletin Huygens No. 53 (Pavía Alemany F. 2005).
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Stone of Inga Reviews
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  • September 28, 2017
    Located on private property, the pedra do ingá is a very interesting place to meet, there you can enjoy a beautiful landscape, in addition to observing the curious paintings in the ingá stone, mystery until today for researchers from all the world.
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  • September 9, 2017
    a very good location for guided tour, a very beautiful and pre history and one of the 7 Wonders of Brazil
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  • August 25, 2017
    The place itself is fascinating, from the archaeological point of view. See those ancient writings and the rock formations is fantastic. But sin in terms of preservation.
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  • February 22, 2016
    Excellent site and beautiful scenery :)
  • July 25, 2017
    Reserved corner and displays the stone inscriptions in relief, some without being deciphered and separate floor you'll find the constellation Orion. Worth the visit, without a lot of local structure. But great energies.
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  • June 22, 2017
    Very nice to meet and feel a little of the natural history of Paraíba, view the Scriptures/paintings of ancestors is to hear a bit about the animals that inhabited the region in the prehistoric period.
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  • July 23, 2017
    An interesting place with an intriguing stone, precarious structure more common knowledge Valley and the explanations of the local guide Marquinhos
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  • June 20, 2017
    Important archaeological site near the highway. Worth the visit for sure, to try to unravel the mysteries of the place. Viva Paebiru!
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