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Iguape

Iguape is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 30,390 (2015 est.) in an area of 1,978 km², making it the largest municipality by area in São Paulo state. The elevation is 3 m.GeographyIguape is situated on the Atlantic Ocean coast, at the mouth of the Ribeira River.ClimateAccording to the Köppen climate classification, Iguape has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) that closely borders the tropical rainforest climate (Af). Summers are warm, humid and rainy, whilst winters are noticeably cooler and somewhat drier, although there is no true dry season. The mean temperature is 21.6°C and the mean annual rainfall is 1976mm.HistoryBecause of its location, close to the limits established by the Tordesilhas Treaty, the Iguape region was the stage for constant disputes among Portuguese, Spanish, and French pirates who landed there in order to refill their vessels or to trade in their goods. The foundation of Iguape is sometimes attributed to Rui Garcia de Mosquera, a Spanish refugee who established a good relationship with the Tupiniquin Indians.In another unproved account, in 1498 a Spanish group landed in the region giving the name Iguape to a tiny village, in reference to a local Indian name for a common regional plant. Some years later, a French pirate vessel attacked Iguape and set fire to the village, destroying all official documentation. The veracity of those events is unknown, but there is no doubt that the first years of Iguape's history were strongly influenced by the presence of the Spanish.
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