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Spittal Pond Nature Reserve, Bermuda

4.3
#6 of 20 in Wildlife Areas in Bermuda
Historic Walking Area Wildlife Area
Spittal Pond Nature Reserve is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Bermuda, located close to the Atlantic coast of Smith's Parish. Surrounding the third largest pond in Bermuda, Spittal Pond, it covers an area of. It is one of 13 parks or reserves managed by the Bermuda Department of Conservation Services which protects and conserves environmentally critical areas and habitats.The pond reserve, a wetland site, is one of the seven Ramsar Sites in Bermuda, which was approved on 10 May 1999 for the criteria (i, iii and iv) of its unique characteristics such as its lagoon which is permanently brackish, ecology featuring wet grassland and mangrove forests, seasonal shorebirds, other waterbirds and European eels.GeographySpittal Pond Nature Reserve is situated in the Smith's Parish. The habitat comprises rocky shore habitat which includes limestone pavement formation called "the Checkerboard". Ostensibly fresh water, with no connection to the nearby Atlantic, the pond is in fact brackish as the ocean can inundate the lake during severe storms. Hurricanes and gales with strong winds are a common feature. Hurricane tides and waves impacts the pond is its south coast line (extending over a length of consisting of the reef line is only 100- off shore. A very thin line of small hillocks separate the pond from the ocean and there are also three low lands through which waves flood the lake during hurricanes. The 2003 hurricane is reported to have caused a wave height inundating the pond with silt, boulders and trees causing serious disturbance in its ecological conditions. In such circumstances, parts of the lake can become discoloured and malodorous due to the work of sulphur-producing bacteria which thrive in brackish conditions. The reserve is mudflats and salt marsh in 80% of its area, with 10% comprising freshwater, 6% tidal flats, 3% salt marshes and 1% rocky shores 1%. The watershed is formed by hills surrounding which are densely forested.
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Where to stay in Smith's Parish

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38 reviews
Google
4.5
  • Pleasant walking trails out to the coast where visitors can view hump-backed whales in March and early April. This year (2017), the whales had moved on by April 11 but the views are spectacular. You c...  more »
  • I can't speak for the beauty of the pond or trails around it (some reviewers seemed underwhelmed, understandably), but some perseverance will bring you to a rocky shoreline that is well worth the hike...  more »
  • Despite the hot, humid day, this was a lovely and peaceful walk along paths through some tropical foliage that passed a scenic, rocky coastline. We reached the reserve from a nearby bus stop. Be aware...  more »
Google
  • Pleasant trails, good views of the ocean, fossils in the rock pools.
  • Perfect place for pictures, nature walks, reflecting, spending quiet time, and more.
  • Great walks and birdwatching
  • Peaceful and serene. Scenic, beautiful, inspiring.
  • Wow