Great Choral Synagogue, Grodno

4.9
#6 of 26 in Things to do in Grodno
The Great Synagogue of Hrodna, located in Hrodna, Belarus, dates from the 16th century and is a 2007 candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site.HistoryThe Great Synagogue of Hrodna was built from 1576 to 1580 by Santi Gucci, who designed a Wooden synagogue at Rabbi Mordechai Yaffe's invitation. In 1887, the Hrodna Jews owned 88% of the commercial enterprises, 76% of the factories and workshops, and over 65% of the real estate in the city. Their property was estimated at 842,000 roubles at a time when the total sum of the city's properties was 1,202,000 roubles. In 1898, one of the first savings and loan cooperatives in Russia was founded in Grodno.The synagogue burned down in 1902. Under the supervision of Iya Frunkin, the Jewish community built another synagogue in the eclectic and moorish style from 1902 to 1905. By 1907, the city boasted a state Jewish school, a girls' school, a craft shelter, a Talmud-Yeshiva, 107 Jewish primary schools, and 5 elementary schools for girls. This was unique in Russia.There were also two Jewish libraries and several Jewish charitable organizations working in the city.Jews played a very significant role in city life as industrialists, merchants, craftsmen, owners of printing houses, doctors, and teachers. There was said to be a special "Hrodna Aura," created by its cultured and intelligent population. For this reason Grodno was considered to be one of the Jewish intellectual capitals of Europe.The Jews of Hrodna became known around the world including such luminaries as:artist Léon Bakstsculptor Ilya Gintsburgthe founder of Esperanto L. L. Zamenhofthe composer of Papirossen Herman Yablokoff (born Chaim Yablonik)the Hebrew translator Avram-Shalom Friedberg (Авроом-Шолом Фридберг). The interior of the synagogue was vandalized in 1941 by Nazis. Soviet authorities closed the synagogue in 1944. The synagogue was returned to the Jewish community in 1991; however, it remains in disrepair.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
42 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • July 12, 2017
    Interesting building synagogues inside looks impressive, perfectly restored, on the contrary there are restaurant))
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  • June 27, 2017
    As the measure difficult, especially religious institutions. There is being renovated, stone carving is very interesting.
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  • June 7, 2017
    The synagogue is very large, bright, some inside the weightless. No pretentiousness, vice versa restraint throughout. Beautiful stucco, the same white as the walls. I thought, this restored moldings, but it was not, it is native from the time of construction, i.e., if memory does not change the 16 century. There it is worth to go because, to honor the memory of thousands of people. Lived in Grodno very many Jews, and for countless of them this synagogue became a place of last nights in his hometown, and for someone last place in life. A terrible tragedy in a great location.
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Google
  • November 30, 2016
    Nice
  • June 11, 2017
    The building has not done me great impressions, perhaps because all the time they last his restoration work. The story has a rich, but unfortunately not knocks.
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  • May 4, 2017
    If you really ask, old Jew you will show. But there have already been three years minimum repair
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  • January 28, 2017
    If you ever happen to be in Grodno, I advise you to visit the synagogue. Convinced that architecture and history will leave an indelible mark on the soul, whatever religion you are not professed
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  • January 21, 2017
    good I was
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