Great Choral Synagogue, Grodno

4.7
The Great Synagogue of Hrodna, located in Hrodna, Belarus, dates from the 16th century and is a 2007 candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site.HistoryThe Great Synagogue of Hrodna was built from 1576 to 1580 by Santi Gucci, who designed a Wooden synagogue at Rabbi Mordechai Yaffe's invitation. In 1887, the Hrodna Jews owned 88% of the commercial enterprises, 76% of the factories and workshops, and over 65% of the real estate in the city. Their property was estimated at 842,000 roubles at a time when the total sum of the city's properties was 1,202,000 roubles. In 1898, one of the first savings and loan cooperatives in Russia was founded in Grodno.The synagogue burned down in 1902. Under the supervision of Iya Frunkin, the Jewish community built another synagogue in the eclectic and moorish style from 1902 to 1905. By 1907, the city boasted a state Jewish school, a girls' school, a craft shelter, a Talmud-Yeshiva, 107 Jewish primary schools, and 5 elementary schools for girls. This was unique in Russia.There were also two Jewish libraries and several Jewish charitable organizations working in the city.Jews played a very significant role in city life as industrialists, merchants, craftsmen, owners of printing houses, doctors, and teachers. There was said to be a special "Hrodna Aura," created by its cultured and intelligent population. For this reason Grodno was considered to be one of the Jewish intellectual capitals of Europe.The Jews of Hrodna became known around the world including such luminaries as:artist Léon Bakstsculptor Ilya Gintsburgthe founder of Esperanto L. L. Zamenhofthe composer of Papirossen Herman Yablokoff (born Chaim Yablonik)the Hebrew translator Avram-Shalom Friedberg (Авроом-Шолом Фридберг). The interior of the synagogue was vandalized in 1941 by Nazis. Soviet authorities closed the synagogue in 1944. The synagogue was returned to the Jewish community in 1991; however, it remains in disrepair.
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Great Choral Synagogue Reviews
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4.7
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  • Very long walked and searched for her. And when finally found, even taking photos. Nothing much. Moved to high ratings on this site. Well at least the city bypassed the entire
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  • The tour without having to buy a ticket at 9/24/2017 no one at the reception desk, while waiting for the time not too much so. Sight range has two arched Windows in front of the probably of the stone tablets of the ten commandments it imitates (more if you are placing the stone tablets of the ten commandments on the parapet in front of the synagogue architecture). Some fragments of tombstones of the Jewish people was lying on the slopes of the parking lot in front of the building. Beautiful stucco finish and finished in interior restoration was in the process of interwar period military photos are on display was (details unknown).
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  • It is rehabilitating and it cannot be visited inside. Outside there is a large explanatory sign of the history of the building and a relationship of people and organizations who have contributed to his rehabilitation, but unfortunately in Belarusian. Building elegant, more like a residence than a religious center, due to its reconstruction as Art Nouveau. It was a ghetto in the sad period of the Holocaust.
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  • Цікавы гістарычны будынак з сумным лёсам. У будынку працуе музей, якога нідзе няма ў Беларусі. Калі вас цікавіць гісторыя габрэйства на Гарадзеншчыне - раю завітаць і паслухаць Барыса Квяткоўскага, старшыню гарадзенскай абшчыны, які можа гадзінамі распавядаць цікавыя факты гэтага народу.
  • Nice building, constantly renewed. One of the better preserved synagogues in Belarus. In Grodno, a must-see, though inside the hit is not easy.
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  • Interesting, all the time. Shows that it was possible the existence of different religions side by side. It is also almost the center of the city. 5 minutes on foot 2 Catholic churches, one Orthodox Church. Nice interior. Inside we visited an exhibition about the ULMA family. Mr. babysitters entry spoke in Polish.
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  • All neat, but I ran out of paint. Login allowed only after entering a symbolic donation. But a man who was inside (caretaker), very interesting telling. Advise.
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  • The building has not done me great impressions, perhaps because all the time they last his restoration work. The story has a rich, but unfortunately not knocks.
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