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Great Choral Synagogue, Grodno

4.8
#5 of 15 in Sightseeing in Grodno
Landmark Tourist Spot
The Great Synagogue of Hrodna, located in Hrodna, Belarus, dates from the 16th century and is a 2007 candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site.HistoryThe Great Synagogue of Hrodna was built from 1576 to 1580 by Santi Gucci, who designed a Wooden synagogue at Rabbi Mordechai Yaffe's invitation. In 1887, the Hrodna Jews owned 88% of the commercial enterprises, 76% of the factories and workshops, and over 65% of the real estate in the city. Their property was estimated at 842,000 roubles at a time when the total sum of the city's properties was 1,202,000 roubles. In 1898, one of the first savings and loan cooperatives in Russia was founded in Grodno.The synagogue burned down in 1902. Under the supervision of Iya Frunkin, the Jewish community built another synagogue in the eclectic and moorish style from 1902 to 1905. By 1907, the city boasted a state Jewish school, a girls' school, a craft shelter, a Talmud-Yeshiva, 107 Jewish primary schools, and 5 elementary schools for girls. This was unique in Russia.There were also two Jewish libraries and several Jewish charitable organizations working in the city.Jews played a very significant role in city life as industrialists, merchants, craftsmen, owners of printing houses, doctors, and teachers. There was said to be a special "Hrodna Aura," created by its cultured and intelligent population. For this reason Grodno was considered to be one of the Jewish intellectual capitals of Europe.The Jews of Hrodna became known around the world including such luminaries as:artist Léon Bakstsculptor Ilya Gintsburgthe founder of Esperanto L. L. Zamenhofthe composer of Papirossen Herman Yablokoff (born Chaim Yablonik)the Hebrew translator Avram-Shalom Friedberg (Авроом-Шолом Фридберг). The interior of the synagogue was vandalized in 1941 by Nazis. Soviet authorities closed the synagogue in 1944. The synagogue was returned to the Jewish community in 1991; however, it remains in disrepair.
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41 reviews
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4.8
  • The synagogue is the only functioning one in Grodno The entire community was wiped out by the nazis. Its hard to comprehend that prior to the Holocaust the Jewish community represented 50% of the city...  more »
  • This place should be in tourist's lists. Amazing whiteness and quietness. Unfortunately interior renovation isn't complete yet.  more »
  • Can be highly intresting to the those who like architecture, history and culture. It is possible to come inside and even get a tour there.  more »
Google
  • Nice
  • The building has not done me great impressions, perhaps because all the time they last his restoration work. The story has a rich, but unfortunately not knocks.
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  • If you really ask, old Jew you will show. But there have already been three years minimum repair
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  • If you ever happen to be in Grodno, I advise you to visit the synagogue. Convinced that architecture and history will leave an indelible mark on the soul, whatever religion you are not professed
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  • good I was
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