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Kapuzinerberg, Salzburg

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Landmark
Kapuzinerberg is a hill on the eastern bank of Salzach river in Salzburg, Salzburgerland, Austria.HeightIt is elevated 640 meters above sea level.HistoryIt is home to a Capucines cloister built in 1599-1605 on the site of a medieval fortress, the "Trompeterschlössl". Earliest human settlements on the eastern slope of Kapuzinerberg date back to neolithic period. Big prehistoric settlements on mountain date back to 1100 B.C.On the way of the Linzergasse to the monastery are standing 13 oratories with the way of the cross, which were built up between 1736 and 1744, a memorial place for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the old Paschingerschlössl, known as the former house of Stefan Zweig. The different old artillery bastions from 1629, which are distributed around the mountain, the military tower of the Felixpforte and the long military walls with their small fortified towers („Auslug “) also were built in the time of the Thirty Years' War, and are majority are kept well. On the crest of the mountain, attainable with a drawbridge, there stands the Franziskischlössl. Today it is a small restaurant. Adolf Hitler wanted to establish a gigantic “Gauburg”, a Stadium and a festival house on that mountain. The end of the war forestalled it however and the Kapuzinerberg still is free of intensive land development.The cloisterThe cloister was established by bishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau as a stronghold against the Reformation. In 1602 the friars consecrated the first church built on the foundation of a medieval tower. The church inherited a set of 15th century wooden reliefs. Gradually expanding, the cloister reached its present shape around 1690. For centuries, the friars were independent of the local Archbishop, subordinate only to the Pope. In 1800 and 1809/10 the cloister was occupied and desecrated by the French troops; in 1813 by the Bavarians. After the anschluss of 1938 the monks were evicted again, to make way for a Nazi forum, but the project did not materialize. The friars returned in 1942, initially sharing the premises with refugees and prisoners.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • The Kapuzinerberg like rather better than the fortress because it is quieter, the views of the old town is also given and you can walk further.
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  • The ascent to the Capuchins is a very nice walk, as well as the descent on the other side. The place is lovely.
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  • From here, you can capture the sunset, but get ready for a fabulous ascent. The path here is not easy, you need to climb steep stairs, we climbed from the Linzergasse, on Google maps, the road there is marked pretty clearly, you will need to login under the arch at the crossroads with Pristcerhausgasse. The panoramic sites have benches to take a breath after the storming of the mountains.
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