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Sisian, is a town in the southern Syunik Province of Armenia. It is located on Vorotan River, 6 km south of the Yerevan-Meghri highway, at a distance of 217 km from Yerevan and 115 km from Kapan.Sisian was known as Sisakan, Sisian and Sisavan during the ancient times and later in the Middle Ages. However, the name Karakilisa which was used for the town by the Turkic rulers of Armenia, was kept until 1935.In 1935, one of the old names, Sisavan, was restored. Finally in 1940, the town was renamed Sisian.As of the 2011 census, the population of the town is 14,894.EtymologyThe area of present-day Sisian was also known as Sisakan and Sisavan during ancient historical periods. According to Movses Khorenatsi, the name of Sisakan -and subsequently Sisian- was derived from Sisak, a legendary ancestor of the Armenian princely house of Syuni.HistoryHistorically, the territory of modern Sisian was part of Tsghuk canton, at the heart of the ancient province of Syunik, within Armenia Major. The area was first mentioned in history in the 8th century BC. During the 4th century, the nearby historic settlement of Shaghat became the residence of the princes and the religious leaders of Syunik. It remained the spiritual and the political center of the region until the end of the 10th century, when the fortified town of Kapan in the Baghk canton became the capital of the newly established Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk.Plan your vacation with our Armenia day trip website and discover the best things to do in Sisian.
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