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Alaverdi, is a town in the Lori Province at the northeastern part of Armenia, near the border with Georgia. It is located at the only direct rail link between Armenia and Georgia.The town is situated at the bottom of the Debed river gorge. The town is one of the important commercial and industrial centres of the district and the entire republic.The area around Alaverdi was known as Manasgomer or Manits Gom during the medieval period. However, the settlement was became known as Manes by the end of the 19th century, named after the French engineer Manés, who was one of the founders of the new copper plant.As of the 2011 census, the population of the town is 13,343, down from 26,300 reported in 1989.HistoryHistorically, the area of Manes-Alaverdi was part of Dzoropor canton of Gugark province of Greater Armenia. Starting from the 17th century, the settlement became to be known as Alaverdi, derived from the name of a 17th-century Turkic Borçalu tribe leader Allahverdi molla oğlu Tarkhan.When the area was annexed to the Russian Empire at the end of the 18th century, a number of Pontic Greek miners were resettled in the area to start exploiting the copper, through the efforts of the Argoutinski-Dolgoruki family. Soon after, nearly a quarter of the entire Russian copper was being mined in Alaverdi. At the end of the 19th century, the concession to exploit the mine was sold to a French firm. During the Soviet rule in the 20th century, the town acquired its current socialist industrial appearance. After the independence, the metallurgical plant was privatized to become a major employer for the town and its surroundings.Make Alaverdi central to your Armenia travel plans using our Armenia trip itinerary builder.
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