Volcan Llullaillaco, Salta

(20 reviews on the web)
Volcano Nature / Park
Llullaillaco is a dormant stratovolcano at the border of Argentina (Salta Province) and Chile (Antofagasta Region). It lies in the Puna de Atacama, a region of very high volcanic peaks on a high plateau close to the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places in the world. It is the second highest active volcano in the world after Ojos del Salado.Llullaillaco was constructed during two different phases in the Pleistocene-Holocene by dacitic lava flows. The oldest rocks are about 1.5 million years old. About 150,000 years ago, the volcano's southeastern flank collapsed and generated a debris avalanche that reached as far as from the summit. The youngest dated rocks were erupted 5,600 ± 250 years ago in the summit region, but there are reports of activity from the 19th century.The mountain's first recorded climb was in 1950, but traces of earlier climbs, and a number of archeological sites, were found on the mountain and at its feet. With an archeological site at the summit region, Llullaillaco is the highest archeological site in the world. There, in 1999, the mummified remains of three children, known as the Children of Llullaillaco, were found. They are presumed to have been human sacrifices.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Great place to practice mountaineering, a good climb and trekking, you can combine with a bit of history, touring the places where more than 500 years ago the Incas built some buildings and where the ...  more »
  • The history that surrounds this place is magnificia, children of Llullaillaco. Beautiful colors with its hills and nature so wise...
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  • The town of Tolar Grande, gateway to the Llullaillaco, is a beautiful place to meet. From Salta every Wednesday part a collective to there, returning every Friday. It is a long journey, of about ten hours, featuring some stops, including in San Antonio de los Cobres. Once in Tolar you can visit different natural places: eyes of sea, cave bear, Cave of the dead man, cone of Arita. And from there, is part to the Llulla. The municipality manages the income and there you can find out by 4 x 4 to make the approach to the volcano. There are also agencies that organize trips to Tolar and viewpoints to the volcano, if one is not a climber but want to get to know it "from below" in Salta.
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